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Jan.-Feb. 2012, Vol. XXVII, No. 1
 
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Is it a cold or the flu?

Test your knowledge of these seasonal ailments by answering these questions:

1. Which of the following is true about colds and flu?

a. They share many of the same symptoms
b. They are both caused by viruses
c. They are two separate conditions
d. All the above

2. How do flu symptoms differ from those of a cold?

a. They come on more suddenly
b. They are less severe
c. They are more severe
d. Both A and C are correct

3. Which people have an increased risk of dying of the flu?

a. Teenagers
b. The elderly
c. People with chronic diseases
d. Both B and C are correct

4. Getting a flu shot every year is the best way for most people to keep from getting the flu. People in which of the groups below should not get the shot?

a. People with no medical conditions
b. Infants less than 6 months of age
c. People ages 65 and older
d. All the above

5. Which of the following is false when it comes to colds?

a. Adults usually get colds in the summer
b. Colds account for more doctor visits than any other condition
c. Colds last for about a week
d. Young children often get six to eight colds a year

6. If you get a cold, which of the following has been scientifically proven to make you feel better?

a. Garlic
b. Echinacea
c. Eucalyptus
d. None of the above

7. When should you take anti¬biotics if you have a cold or flu?

a. If you have a fever
b. If you also have a bacterial infection
c. If you have a bad cough
d. If you have aches and pains

8. When is the best time to get a flu shot?

a. January or February
b. March or April
c. September or October
d. May or June

9. How can cold and flu symptoms be treated?

a. Get lots of rest
b. Drink plenty of fluids
c. Avoid alcohol and tobacco smoke
d. All the above.

10. Which are some of the reasons adults with a cold or the flu call a doctor?

a. Vomiting with inability to keep food or liquids down
b. Trouble breathing, wheezing or shortness of breath
c. Persistent high fever or fever that resolves then returns
d. All the above

Answers

1. D — All the above.

2. D — A and C - People who come down with the flu are apt to feel very sick, very suddenly.

3. D — B and C - People with a weak immune system are at risk as well.

4. B — Infants less than 6 months of age. Infants more than 6 months old should be vaccinated, as they are at high risk for serious flu symptoms. Please note that in certain cases there may be reasons why other people should not be vaccinated. Contact your physician if you are unsure whether you should receive the flu vaccine.

5. A — Adults usually get colds in the summer. Adults are more likely to get colds between September and May.

6. D — None of the above None of these remedies have been scientifically proven to help.

7. B — If you also have a bacterial infection. Colds and flu are caused by viruses, so antibiotics won't speed recovery or relieve symptoms.

8. C — September or October. But it's never too late to get a flu shot.

9. D — All of the above - You can also gargle with saltwater to help relieve a sore throat. Over-the-counter cold medicines also may help, but be sure to check with your doctor if you are already taking other medications or have a chronic condition.

10. D — All the above - Other symptoms that require a doctor's care include having pain or pressure in the chest, confusion or disorientation, and fainting or feeling faint.


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